The organization structure of hotels varies, depending on the size of the establishment. The human resource department oversees recruitment and training, benefits, compensation and employee welfare, labor laws, and safety and health norms. Other functions of this department include marketing, sales, and advertising. Each hotel has a unique organizational structure varies widely. Some hotels have a single general manager, while others may have several departments. These departments report to the general manager.
The first hotels were rest houses for travelers, such as motels. The concept of hotels evolved during the Renaissance. In ancient Persia, thermal baths were used as hospitals for recovering travelers. In the Middle Ages, various religious orders offered hospitality to travellers. Today, hotels are recognized as some of the oldest in the world, according to the Guinness World Records. In addition to serving travelers, hotels have a history of social and political significance.
Hotel industry in the United States developed at an accelerated rate after the Second World War. This three-decade economic boom increased the incidence of commercial travel, sending incomes sky-high. Organization of labor made paid vacations possible for millions of workers. Transportation became more accessible with the advent of interstate highways and reliable passenger aircraft. In the 20th century, hotels served as a major arena for domestic political struggle. They were essential to the evolution of the modern hotel industry.
The second-generation of American hotels emerged in the 1830s as an answer to the elitist and impersonal hotel culture. These hotels were larger and more uniform than their predecessors. These hotels established the rectilinear city-block hotel as a standard architectural form. The economic turmoil of the War of 1812 brought the first generation of American hotels to an end. Despite the widespread success of their chain hotels, most of them eventually suffered from financial collapse.
There are three basic types of hotel rooms. Hostels are typically geared towards the budget traveler. As the name suggests, the rooms at hostels are often shared with other guests. Bathroom and kitchen facilities are often shared. Apart from shared accommodation, apartment hotels are typically apartment buildings with hotel-style services. These types of hotels offer a similar experience to renting an apartment. These hotels usually provide basic housekeeping services. In many ways, these types of hotels are affordable.
The emergence of automobiles reordered the transportation system in the United States, resulting in the rise of motels and big hotels. The great depression impacted most of America’s hotels, but a steady growth in the 1940s streamlined the industry. Motor hotels – also known as motels – emerged as a more affordable alternative to conventional hotels. In the United States, the term “motel” has a similar meaning, but it refers to an affordable place to stay during a road trip.
Bed and breakfast hotels are often large family residences that have been converted into overnight accommodations. Room amenities range from a modest mattress in a small room to a huge bed and breakfast suite. Bed and breakfast hotels may have a kitchen or not. Smaller establishments tend to provide basic guest services, while larger establishments tend to focus on luxury. In some instances, high-end bed and breakfasts offer luxurious facilities and are a good option for budget travelers.