Travel is the general movement of individuals between different, often very different, geographical locations. Travel can be undertaken by foot, by bicycle, car, plane, train, bus, boat or any other mode of transportation, with or without personal luggage, and may be one-way or round trip. The type of travel to be undertaken and the duration will depend on the purpose and means of travel. While travel is generally a lifetime endeavor, there are some occasions that will call for travel within a short time frame such as an extended business vacation, a honeymoon, or a transfer of students from another location to a domestic or international campus.
In situations where travel is intended to prevent infection of a disease or to quell an outbreak of a contagious disease, travel advisory refers to those precautions that must be taken in order to prevent the spread of the disease. The most common and immediate actions taken are those that are directed towards avoiding the affected travelers, and the infected object that has been in contact with the affected individual. The methods of controlling the affected person include isolation, quarantine, isolation facility or quarantine. While these are all useful methods, there are situations where the need for isolation is not required, where quarantining is not possible because of the distance from the affected area, or in the case of an infected object or animal.
The term “self-quarantine” means to stay home by oneself. In cases where travelers do not get another test result for a week after arriving at their destination, they are advised to self-quarantine themselves. In the event that the condition gets worse or does not improve during the first seven days that travelers are allowed to rest at home, they are advised to get another test result. This test is also important if the person who had the fever or cold goes to a public place.
People who have recently recovered from a severe illness are required to undergo ongoing laboratory testing to ensure that there are no traces of illness that can jump from one person to another. This is important so that the risk of transmittable diseases or contagious illnesses is minimized. If the person has just recovered from a severe illness, their body may not have developed the necessary antibodies to fight off infections. This can lead to serious problems in the future. So, it is advisable that travelers get a special certificate from the doctor so that when they go out on travel, they know whether or not they need to be tested for certain diseases.
Another aspect of international travel recommendations involves the requirements for checking in with a country’s Department of Health. This is required for all individuals traveling to other countries, whether for business or pleasure. The requirements for this document vary according to the country. For example, if an American citizen is traveling to Canada, they will need to visit the designated embassy in order to obtain this document.
The third aspect of these 3-day timeframe requirements deals with the screening process. Each foreign country has different screening requirements. It may require an individual to undergo a medical screening or a blood test taken as part of their overall evaluation for an international travel recommendation. In some cases, there may be additional screening requirements. These will depend on the country, so it is advised that you contact the embassy of the foreign country in question when planning to travel so that they can give you the information needed to meet these requirements.